For those of you who were around when I was attempting the NaNoWriMo back in November 2013, you may be somewhat familiar with the map of ‘Pathallea’ shown below…:
The only part of the above extensive archipelago that is inhabited by humans (and thus the only regions thus far I’ve bothered to write law-codes for) are the ‘Orimar’, ‘Oramidra’, and ‘Koie’ island chains — together known as ‘Breykaria’.
Here are the island chains, below, closer-up:
*As the story goes…* Breykaria was once united by a king named ‘Minkathnaazrah’, in order to fend off an invasion from lands across the ‘Kentara’ sea.
He brought about a ‘golden age’, according to the Breykarians, and one of the things he accomplished was to devise a law-code comprising 66 ‘laws’ that were deemed fair and just…
These are the ’66 Law-codes’, and they were created by me when I was formulating the plot for the novel this fantasy-land belongs to back in high-school. It was one of my first attempts at it, and it was inspired by the Hammurabi Law-code…
THE 66 LAW-CODES:
>Anyone convicted of murder shall be put to death.
>Anyone convicted of theft shall return the stolen object and repair it if broken.
>Anyone convicted of vandalism shall have the object restored.
>Anyone convicted of assault, of any kind, shall be equally beaten.
>Everyone is equal under the law in freedoms and abilities. Anyone convicted of discrimination of any kind shall be forced to leave town.
>Anyone convicted of giving false testimony shall spend 1 day in prison.
>Everyone has the right to food, water, and a form of shelter. Anyone convicted of limiting these rights to others shall spend their life in prison.
>Everyone has the freedom to be educated and cared for fully. Anyone convicted of limiting these freedoms shall be forced to leave town.
>Everyone has the freedom to speak freely. Anyone convicted of limiting these freedoms shall be forced to leave town.
>Treat the creatures of Earth, the ones that feel in similar ways to you, the same way you would want them to treat you. Anyone convicted of not doing so shall be forced to leave town.
>Only obtain from the Earth what is needed by your town, use all of it, and nothing more. Anyone convicted of not doing so shall be forced to leave town, and the misused material shall be dealt with properly.
>Contribute your fill to society. Anyone convicted of hoarding or monopoly shall be forced to redistribute the unnecessary material.
>Any occupation that benefits society more than it detriments society is safe to pursue. Anyone not pursuing a safe occupation shall be forced to leave town.
>Anyone choosing to pursue a profession must be educated in it first. Violators will not be allowed the profession.
>Anyone convicted of having a child under care do a profession for them shall resign and spend 1 week in prison.
>Anyone who has been doing a trade or profession well for more than 20 years shall have the freedom to teach their trade or profession to willing students.
>War must be a last resort for any community.
>Soldiers in the standing army must be the fittest and most expendable. They must also be trained in combat. Non-expendable persons must never be soldiers.
>If a commander is needed, he or she must be the most successful soldier in the army at that time.
>At least 2 credible witnesses must attest to a crime, preferably to be verified by many more witnesses.
>Enough evidence to prove the convict guilty must be obtained.
>If the above 2 requirements are not met during the trial, the convict must be released.
>If, however, eventually the 2 requirements are met, the convict shall be tried again up to 2 more times unless special circumstances arise.
>Tampered evidence and faulty witnesses must be omitted from the trial.
>Any and all search and seizure operations done on anyone must be done with permission of the individual and a warrant outlining what is to be searched or seized.
>If the individual is under parental care, then permission goes to the parents. If the individual is a prior convict, or is exceedingly ignorant, then only the warrant is needed.
>Anyone convicted of wrongfully conducting a search or seizure shall spend 1 day in prison.
>All trials must be carried out in an objective manner. Faulty trials shall result in a re-trial.
>During their trial, all victims have the freedom to be protected by the court.
>Compensation, if needed, shall be given to the victims of failed trials.
>Anyone caught attempting to flee town to miss their trial shall spend 1 day in prison, then receive punishment for any crime they may have committed.
>Anyone caught attempting to escape from prison shall have their sentence doubled.
>Anyone caught aiding a convict’s freedom shall also receive the punishment.
>Anyone with a contagious, harmful illness, or potentially harmful mental illness, must seek treatment, or be forced to leave town if they cannot be cured.
>Rights, freedoms, and abilities affect equally all creatures of Earth capable of recognizing them.
>Hunt only those of a prey item that are detrimental to their group being there.
>Anyone convicted of holding any such creatures, as defined, captive, against their will, shall spend the same amount of time in prison as the captive did under your care.
>Only people who are healthy, or have harmless illnesses or injuries, may freely travel elsewhere and come back. Upon return, individuals must have a health check.
>Any crimes committed in another place shall be dealt with there.
>There shall, at no time, be exceptions or alterations made to the first 9 law codes.
>No sub-groups, or persons, of the community of any kind will be able to appeal for alterations or exceptions to any of these codes in order to enforce theirs instead. They can, however, enforce their own regulations only on their own property.
>Any exceptions or alterations to the remaining 57 codes must be made, by public majority vote, under objective consideration of exceptional circumstances. These changes must be as neutral in their effects as possible to the existing codes. This is true for any great decisions made.
>Doctors, and other professionals tasked with the care of lives, must do absolutely everything possible to ensure the health and life of the patient. Those failing to do so will be forced to resign, and give compensation if needed.
>Anyone who commits a crime, but is unable to account for themselves in any way, shall remain innocent. They must, however, get treatment if possible. Victims of the crime shall receive court compensation.
>Marriages between any two, or more, consenting individuals not under parental care are allowed.
>Married couples who cannot commit to each other must get divorced. Partners committing, for a short time, to another should only do so by consent.
>A child given birth by a girl under parental care shall belong to her parents until she can live on her own.
>If a couple divorce, if their children are over 8 years old, the children decide which parent they want to live with. Otherwise, the children belong to the mother.
>If neither parent is fit to raise children, then they must give up their children for adoption.
>If a child under 13 years of age commits a crime resulting in serious injury or death, then they shall spend 1 year in house arrest. Minor crimes committed shall be dealt with by the parents.
>If death occurs indirectly, as a result of poor construction or ignorance, the professional responsible will be force to resign, and spend 1 month in jail.
>Proper attire for professions, the climate, locations, and religions must be worn. However, attire choices may often be left to the individual’s discretion.
>Anyone convicted of causing unnecessary havoc in public, in any way, shall spend 1 day in prison.
>Anyone convicted of attempting to impede the progress of a town shall spend the same amount of time in prison.
>Only domesticated animals may be fed by the people. Violators will spend 1 day in prison.
>Anyone convicted of disobeying safety regulations, resulting in any harm, shall spend 1 week in prison, along with receiving the proper punishment.
>Anyone convicted of disobeying orders, resulting in any harm, shall spend 1 day in prison, along with receiving the proper punishment.
>Anyone committing a crime that results in any form of harm or impediment to the town or another person must also give them a personal apology.
>Repeat offenders shall have their punishment doubled in magnitude the second time; then remain that magnitude for following attempts.
>Immigrants to a community must prove that they will contribute to the community and observe their regulations, or they will not be allowed in.
>Parents of a lost child may adopt.
>Victims of theft may have the object replaced.
>Victims of vandalism may have the object repaired.
>Victims of poor construction may have a replacement, or the object repaired.
>People left homeless must be cared for, by some organisation.
>Towns suffering from drought or disease may consult their trade towns for supplies. Any of these regulations may be altered to suit times of need, then be lifted once better times come.
Then, time passed, and Breykaria divided again, becoming the three ‘states’ that they are now. Each eventually devised their own law-codes…
The following are later attempts by me, when I was going through University, to create a set of laws that reflected my change in viewpoints over time — now, I’m attributing them to the three states of Breykaria; one for each…
THE CODE OF LAWS: (The law-code for the Koie chain — imposed by Koiyan king ‘Molvarrack the Manly’)
>separate public schools: one for boys only; one for girls only.
>leave marriage only to the religions that sanctify it; for the general public, no marriage, just partnership.
>children born out of wed-lock, in the case of companionship, is to be permitted by society – children born out of companionship, however, must not be allowed by society.
>bureaucracies must be completely forbidden, at all times.
>the federal government can only be allowed to oversee the nation it rules over, passively so: only the municipal governments can be allowed to make laws that actually affect people on a personal basis, and thus must be made by the people themselves.
>all who reside within the two levels of government must be voted in by their people, but must be easily removed if they do things that hinder the freedoms of the people.
>all laws can only become laws by the vote of the people.
>women are to be allowed to abort motherhood at their will, and men are to be allowed to abort fatherhood at their will; all with full support of the law, and only if the walker doesn’t want a child.
>all boys must be raised such that they become men.
>girls should be raised such that they become adults, but must be tested at the proper age to deem whether they truly are suited for adulthood: if they pass, they can be adults with the men, but if they fail, then they shall remain as a child always under the care of a man; she can choose to retry her test every five years.
>only a couple dozen men at most are to comprise the federal government; a similar number of men for each municipal government, also.
>boys and girls can only be taught to their strengths, as determined by their gender – boys must be taught by male teachers, and girls taught by female teachers.
>all adults must be given equality of opportunity – and not opportunity of outcome.
>all who apply for the militia must pass their standards tests – men and women both.
>all who apply for the police, firefighting, or medical services must also pass their respective standards tests – men and women both.
>these tests shall be made such that they cater to the fitter of men; women must be able to compete with this standard.
>all children must be able to attend public school – that is to say that it must be free, ie, paid by the people.
>all college education must also be free of tuition, ie, paid by the people.
>there shall be no taxes of any kind – wealth to pay for the infrastructure of a nation shall come from the cost of buying the things that are sold by the nation itself, by the people themselves.
>all spending by a nation must be auditable, and wholly legitimate.
>if prices of goods needs to be raised, due to tough times, then so be it.
>in all trials of justice, the standard is always “innocent until proven guilty” – no matter what the trial is about.
>in all trials of justice, the conviction must always be made “beyond a reasonable doubt” – again, no matter what the trial is about.
>in a court of law: either only have a panel of a handful of very-well-trained judges, or have one or two judges trained in law with a bench of at least two dozen common folk making up a jury.
>if the court is comprised of a panel of well-trained judges, then at least 80% of them must agree on a proper verdict, otherwise the case must be retried with a completely new panel of judges.
>if the court is comprised of a judge and jury, then if >50% of the jury panel cannot decide on a verdict, then a retrial is necessary, with a completely new jury panel.
>if a verdict cannot be decided in a trial the first time around, then it must be retried until one can be decided; if a verdict of innocence is given, but evidence surfaces later that the man is guilty, then he shall be retried accordingly; if a guilty verdict is given, but evidence surfaces later that excuses him, then he shall be fully pardoned of all wrong-doing.
>a trial must be made as painless as possible, given the circumstances; a rendering of true justice is always the goal in any trial.
>nobody, not even the very rich and powerful, are above the laws of their land; nobody can escape the reach of justice that binds them to their nation.
>multinational corporations, or other business, are strictly forbidden – nobody can be beyond the reach of the laws of any one nation, or even all of them at once.
>as only men are inherently capable of the foresight and empathy required for successful rule of government, it shall often only be men who are put in these positions of power; if a woman wants a place within parliament, then she must be able to prove herself (be able to pass by men’s standards).
>men will also often be the only ones to be allowed to undertake the positions of power in businesses, too (ie, chairman, CEO, …), and, again, women must prove themselves to be worthy of such positions, should they want to be in any of those positions.
>as for domestic, and domestic-like, professions, any men that want to be in any of those positions must prove themselves to the standards of the women in those professions. (ex: housekeeper, drycleaner, nurse, babysitter, designer, communications, sales, marketing).
>anyone who is over the age of 16, and who is considered an adult, can vote for their parliament.
>colleges shall take in both genders under the same roof, and be taught by highly competent professors.
>all education studies in public school must be completely free of ideology – only the truth matters in education; religious teachings are to be left to the churches themselves, and separate from education in general.
>the Church must be entirely, and always, separated from the State; a religion cannot have a say as to the running of a nation.
>whatever one does with one’s body is completely up to them, so long as it never interferes with anyone else’s body.
>whatever one chooses to believe is completely up to them, so long as it never interferes with anyone else’s beliefs.
>whatever one chooses to do is completely up to them, so long as it never interferes with anyone else’s actions.
>whatever one chooses to say is completely up to them, so long as it never interferes with anyone else’s freedom of speech.
>prostitution and porn are both be made fully legal and worthy of pursuit, so long as it is made safe – as it is with Las Vegas.
>any and all ‘illegal substances’ shall be made legal, but with children being educated in school as to exactly what these ‘substances’ entail for them.
>society shall forever use the “gold standard” of currency, and a bartering system, if necessary.
>if a teenaged girl becomes pregnant, then she can choose to have an abortion, to adopt, or give the child to her parents to raise for her – she and her man cannot raise the child by themselves, unless they are living on their own and can support themselves.
>because both the man and the woman chose to have sex (unless one of them is being raped), then should she become pregnant as a result, then the fault lies equally on the both of them to take care of that themselves.
>if a woman is raped, and gets pregnant because of it, then she can choose to carry it to term and demand child support of him – only if she is proven to be a good mother for the child; otherwise the child shall be adopted.
>if a man is raped, and the rapist gets pregnant as a result, then the man owes her nothing – the rapist also cannot be allowed to raise her child; either she aborts, or adopts.
>in a custody case, the child shall always go unto the parent who is the non-violent one; or the child shall be adopted if neither parent is suitable to raise it; or if in doubt, the child shall then go unto their father – to whomever the child is going to, that parent shall pay for the child (no child support), unless the woman is not considered an adult, in which case the child shall go unto the father, or be adopted.
>the practices of genital mutilation can only be left to the preferences of those practising religions alone; it is often done on infants, that are too young to make informed decisions on their own.
>a worker’s salary shall only be determined by the amount, and quality of the work done, and also by how valued the work is on the market.
>there will be no discrimination upon: sex, colour, handicap, nationality, religion, beliefs, nor tongue, in the daily lives of men; the same applies for children, and only the distinction of ‘adult’ and ‘child’ can ever be made.
>charities shall be non-profit in economics – they must vie for donations.
>a bank can only hold the money if its customers – they cannot steal a portion of it for its own consumption.
>the family unit must never be broken without the grandest of purposes (ie, a parent, or both, are unstable, and their continued presence is dangerous).
>no longer shall a divorce be ‘without fault’; it shall be illegal – however, it only applies to ‘marriage’, while companionship shall have no contract to begin with, and so ‘divorce’ is essentially financially painless.
>there shall be two kinds of justice courts: a civil disputes court (where petty disputes between men are settled), and a criminal justice court (where everything else is settled).
>both plaintiff and defendant have the right to have their stories heard, and to present all their evidences.
>all have their right to face their accuser in a trial.
>all have their right to demand the reasons as to their arrest.
>companies can enlist their own surveillance measures, but such measures applied to the public is illegal.
>any search and seizure must be preceded by a warrant and the owner’s expressed permission; otherwise, it is illegal.
>the mastermind shall pay for the crime he devised, while those who were his work-horses shall leave the trying free-of-charge.
>one who gets drunk, and then proceeds to have sex with someone, cannot then cry rape upon that person when they sober up.
>Having sex with someone who is unconscious is to be considered rape.
>any unwanted display of sexual affection is never a court-worthy offense, and is never worthy of police involvement – the highest it should ever go is the one who is in charge of the building in which the event took place, otherwise, it is to be settled person-to-person.
>only in a state of imminent attack of a nation can that nation invoke martial law, only to be duely leveed after the threat is gone.
>a child cannot be tried as an adult, and so it shall be left up to the adult to discipline the child (whatever it takes…); only an adult can be tried in a court of law.
>if the woman is an adult, then she can also be tried in a court of law; however, if she is a child, then her caretaker is responsible for her disciplining.
>a victim of domestic abuse has the right to protection via a domestic abuse shelter; there shall be domestic shelters for men, as well as for women – both men and women have this right.
>the courts shall give out monetary rewards for those who make false allegations of any kind, in an effort to weed out those liars; the victims shall be kept safe under law, while the liars shall eventually be fined for their treachery; when done properly, it shall also reduce the amount of false allegations.
>if someone is convicted of a crime, then they have their right by the court not to be denegraded at any point before, during, and after the trial; no one should ever feel wrath upon themselves during a trial of any kind; the names of the trial participants, however, shall be casually released into the press, in the interest of journalistic accuracy.
>Anything not covered in this Law-code is thus left up to the individual states and towns to decide upon. The Government cannot intercede upon them in doing so.
THE LAWS OF THE LAND: (The law-code for the Oramidra chain — imposed by Oramidran king ‘Yarvis the Young’)
“Whereas the 66 Law-codes of Minkathnaazrah were deemed responsible for the break-out of lawlessness and ruin in my land, 250 years after it was established here, I have thus decided to formulate a replacement for His Law-codes, such that this event may never happen again…”
The Fundamental Rights of Men
>All human beings are born with unalienable rights — the right to speak freely, to congregate freely, and to worship freely.
>All human beings are born equally endowed with these rights, and cannot be taken away from them, nor can they be hindered against, due to their physical appearance, place of birth, behaviour, nor circumstance.
>All human beings have the right to be safe in their persons, their property, and their actions, against any form of violation by authority — if he is to be searched, then the authorities must produce a warrant clearly stating probable cause as well as its extent; and the man must agree to it in order for it to be approved.
>Slavery of all forms is hereby forbidden. Torture of all forms, for any reason, is also hereby forbidden.
>Nobody; not man, nor noble, nor knight, nor king; is above the Laws of the Land, and anyone as such can make an arrest of anyone else seen committing a wrong.
>All have the right to travel freely throughout the land, as well as to leave this land to travel and to safely return home.
>If a man wishes to seek asylum in this land, then he shall, so long as he does not do wrong within this land’s borders — at which time he shall only be tried for that crime. Nobody from other lands can be allowed inside this land’s borders to come after him, be it overtly or covertly.
>Everyone has the right to their own personal thoughts and faiths in life, so long as they do not hinder those same rights of anyone else.
>Everyone has the right not to be over-worked, not to be worked as a child, not to be underpaid, and not to be unjustly treated in the workplace by anyone. Payment, hire, and fire can only be judged upon the worker’s ability to do the work, their willingness to do the work, and their adeptness at that work.
>Anything not covered within this Constitution cannot, therefor, be dealt with by the State, but shall instead be dealt with by each individual city as they so please.
>Punishment for violating any of the above tenets is banishment for life.
The Fundamental Laws of Men
>No man can be made to stand trial against his own self. Every man made to stand trial for a wrong he was said to have committed has the right to know and see who is accusing him, and battle against him during trial, and he also has the right to be informed clearly of exactly what wrong he was said to have committed.
>All trials must be as quick and painless as possible, with as little harm to life and limb as possible by the court and authorities. Nobody, even convicted felons and traitors, can be held against their will and subjected to unnecessary prison time during a trial; everyone is innocent until proven guilty. Punishment for failing to heed to this tenet is life-long banishment.
>The only time a verdict may be cast is if enough evidence is obtained by detectives such that there is absolutely no doubt whatsoever of who committed the crime. If such a verdict cannot be cast within a reasonable time, then all go free until such a time that the proper evidence can be obtained. If enough suspects die in the interim such that a verdict is impossible, then the trial is forfeit and all go free. If any evidence is tainted along the way, then that evidence is forfeit.
>Anyone who gives false witness, or who aids and abets the freedom of a known convict before, during, or after a trial, if the convict is convicted, then both shall face the same punishment for the crime that the convict committed.
>Immigrants are free to practice their homeland’s culture, so long as it does not inhibit this land’s own culture. All immigrants must prove that they will serve the benefit of this land, or else they cannot be allowed inside.
>Prohibition of any substance partaken in by humans is forbidden. Law-makers who try to enact prohibitive laws face a life-long imprisonment.
>Anyone who commits a murder by intention shall be banished for life. Anyone who commits a murder, but not by intention, shall compensate duly as to the victims’ wishes (except banishment from the nation or death). If compensation cannot be given, then the State shall give on his behalf, and he shall serve a year-long prison sentence.
>Anyone who inflicts harm upon another and/or his property, whether intentionally or unintentionally, shall have to compensate fully for the damage done. If compensation cannot be given, then the State shall give on his behalf, and he shall serve a year-long prison sentence.
>If harm was committed by a man via his business, then his business shall also duly be shut-down for life.
>Military, police, medical, and other emergency services must impose a standards test upon its trainees, and it must be to such a standard that the work can be done most effectively. Both men and women must train to this same standard.
>Redress of grievances to the State must always be allowed to happen peacefully, whether by petition or by protest or other means, because those who deny a peaceful route to redress will ensure the revolt and revolution becomes necessary.
>Since a king is only good if he rules well, the king shall henceforth be subject to the opinions of his people, and that if they disapprove of him then a trial must be held wherein another, more fit leader, shall be chosen by vote of the people and of the nobility to replace the former king.
>Each town shall be led by a mayor, who is to be voted in by the people of that town, and also to be redeemed on his leadership at the end of every year for his fitness to lead.
>A king can only write laws during wartime, and such laws must duly be repealed during peacetime. A king who tries to foment war to bypass this law must be pointed-out by his people and/or his nobility, and duly replaced.
>Any law written by a mayor must first pass through the town court (led by five well-educated judges and mediated during trials by a jury of two dozen) for approval of its lawfulness; and then it must be voted upon by the people before it can become law. A majority vote by the people and the court can, at any time, nullify any law that they write.
>If a jury nullifies a trial verdict (one person in the jury can speak out against a verdict, which then must lead to a retrial), then that case cannot be retried.
>Only precious-metal coins, or bartering, can ever be used as currency in this nation. All other currencies are often based in debt and therefor non-viable as currency.
>All market, economic, and banking transactions must be kept on a clearly-seen record by the people. All businesses, markets, banks, and even palaces, shall be audited by a representative of the people of this land at the end of every year.
>Any business that attempts to merge with another business must be shut-down for life. Any business that wishes for monopoly of business must be shut-down for life. Any business that grows too large, such that it becomes a threat to the free participation in the market and economy as it stands, must be shut-down for life.
>Education shall comprise of apprenticeship only — first by the child’s parents or guardians, and then, once they enter teenagehood, they shall travel to a trade apprenticeship where they learn under the wing (paid for by his family) of a competent professional in that trade.
>Anyone who demands the need for censorship, for martial law when there’s no need for it, for special privileges because they deem themselves discriminated against without due evidence, or for the repealing of laws for no just reason must duly be tried for treason and henceforth imprisoned for life if convicted.
And so it was written…
THE CHARTER OF HUMAN FREEDOMS: (The law-code for the Orimar chain — drafted by parliamentarian ‘Aeadridea (father of Aeadra)’ upon the exile of the monarchy and nobility from Orimar)
THE NINE WISDOMS:
>Treat others in the way you’d wish to be treated.
>Take from the world only what is needed.
>Do only for the betterment of humankind.
>Do what you love, love what you do.
>All are equal under the law and nature.
>See all views equally, using wisdom and evidence.
>Those who do well can teach others.
>Hunt like the lion, and let the lion hunt you.
>Live the life of one worthy of greatness.
THE SEVEN FREEDOMS:
>Your life is yours, and can never be usurped.
>Your speech is yours, and can never be silenced.
>Your thoughts are yours, and can never be controlled.
>Your actions are yours, and can never be stopped.
>Your creations are yours, and can never be taken without just compensation.
>Your beliefs are yours, and can never be persecuted against.
>You must use whatever means necessary to defend your rights against those who would dare take away those rights.
THE THREE UNIVERSALS:
>The three pillars of corruption – control of the money, control of the media, and control of violence.
>The three pillars of revolution – usurpation of ideas, usurpation of economy, usurpation of control.
>The three pillars of freedom – right to life, right to expression, right to defense.
THE LAWS OF THE LAND:
>Always know that all human beings are born with their rights and freedoms inherent, and unalienable, to themselves. Such rights are as much a part of the human as their mind, flesh, and bone, and can never be taken away from them, just like a man’s heart cannot be removed whilst he is still alive.
>A country may be defined as a collection of nations bound together by mutual alliance to each other, with each nation still considered a separate entity of sorts. A country’s borders need not be guarded, fenced in, nor patrolled in any way.
>A nation shall be defined as that which encompasses several city-states that are united by a common agreement of mutual protection and service. Towns of a nation are free to set up a line of defense at their border, and to set up agreements with neighbouring nations of free-passage.
>The city-state is the center of rule for a nation, or land. At the center shall reside a town hall, where the folks of the city can convene on issues facing the city. All the townsfolk who wish to attend can vote on a course of action, mediated by an impartial arbiter who must be voted in by the townsfolk. The most active line of defense shall reside within the town, by trained citizens of that town.
>All citizens of a town have the right to own and carry about a weapon of defense, so long as they know how to use it in their defense. Except during a time of imminent danger to the town, in which case everyone is free to possess a weapon of their choice. Everyone should be taught how to defend themselves in various ways, either by their guardians or by a specialist in the area.
>All aspects of justice shall take place at the city-state level, to be mediated fairly by a panel of elected, educated judges, and a panel of a jury of one’s peers. The jurors shall take their place at the panel only if they choose so.
>All laws written, or projects drafted, must, once drawn up, first be posted in the town hall for all to see and read, and it must be written in plain language, that all who read it can understand what is being undertaken. Only once the townsmen have unanimously agreed upon the paper can it be put into effect, and even then, no law or project is ever permanent, and only remains in law by the grace and will of the people. No law or project drafted up by any one city-state can ever extend beyond its borders, unless the other cities to be affected also agree to the project. The same process goes for nations and also for countries.
>This document must be put in a public place, for easy reach and reading by all, in each and every city that signs itself onto adherence to this document. Only those who sign the document are under the jurisdiction of this document, while those who don’t are not. However, only those who sign can live within the town which has, in its collective, signed also.
>Nobody can be made to sign, or not to sign, this document, even if they are the child of a family. In the case of children, they will be under the relative protection of their guardians, and may be able to freely sign once finished all schooling (14-16 years old).
>Once a person dies, their signature must be removed from the document, as they are no longer alive. Thus, it would be sensical for signers of this document to do so in pencil, or other easily erased writing material. If, at some point after signing, a living person wishes to unsign, then he may also do so at his own free will.
>Only laws which are ascribed within this document can pertain outside city-state boundaries, but only to the degree that the people decide to adhere to this document. This document can never be used as permission to prescribe unto others a way of life that they may deem unwilling to partake in. Any decree, law, or constitution drafted by a city-state, should its folks wish, can – wholly endorsed by this document – complement, or otherwise strengthen, what is written in this document. Those laws, like all other laws, are always subject to vote and elimination should the people, at some later time, decide them to be suddenly unfit. However, nothing in this document can be superceded, or otherwise altered, in order that corrupt members may not as easily circumvent what is herein to the detriment of everyone else. One will have to devise a whole other constitution, and sign to it, if something within this document is unwanted.
>This document is merely a guide as to how a productive and free nation of human beings can exist, and how a community of people can coexist in a productive manner that doesn’t infringe on any of their basic, inate, human rights and freedoms. As a measure to best hinder the effect of socialist tyrants on a sovereign state, that state must never establish a central government, nor have a chosen ruler over the masses, nor have a centralised police force nor military force. All elite classes cannot be given authoritative power over a land.
>Prohibition in all its forms has never in history been shown to alleviate the crime that it was meant to forbid. In fact, prohibition only serves to increase the level of illegality associated with the crime, due to the fact that criminals care not about prohibition, and only criminals will freely practice the crime often at the full expense of the law-abiding citizens. All must be made wary of prohibition in all its forms, and must always work to prevent it from ever taking hold in their midst.
>Education shall be open for all the public to partake in, with the necessary supplies for students being openly accessible to them for purchase and use. Teachers shall be educated in their unique field of interest, and they shall write textbooks and teach willing students in free, public schools. All methods of schooling a child may be open, and free to pursue, where those that involve schools shall be perpetually open to public scrutiny.
>All children shall begin the first eight years of life with their guardians, being taught the essentials of survival as an adult in the world. From eight until sixteen, they shall receive ‘education’, where they will learn to specialize in a field that is in their personal interest to pursue. Beyond sixteen, they may choose to directly enter the workforce, to become an apprentice, or to become a scholar who writes books, is mentored by other scholars, and mentors other educators.
>Schools shall teach to the relative strengths of boys, as separate from girls, complete with ample time for activity and play. Schools should not keep children for more than six hours a day, five days a week, and should give out as little paper-work as possible.
>All construction projects shall be funded voluntarily by the donations of the town’s people, and by allocations from a central monetary reserve within the town’s bank vault. No tax may be imposed in order to help facilitate a construction project, and if not enough money exists to fund the project, then the thing cannot be built.
>All money shall take the form of coins made from metal that has value, as a commodity to facilitate trade. Anyone who wishes to draft a currency of their own is free to do so, as it will be up to the people to decide whether they want to use the currency or not.
>No currency can be of the fiat variety, where money is given value only by the say-so of an authority.
>Each city-state shall have only one reserve bank, which can convert metal to money and back (though it be not the only one who can do this; see above), and which will keep safe the wealth store of the city-state itself, to be used only for construction projects. Each town shall also have banks which may hold the wealth of its people, but must all be public, and must compete with one another in the free-market economy. Anyone can start up a bank, and one can choose to hold their wealth within their own home if they wish. The reserve bank must also always be held to public scrutiny.
>Bank notes may also be used, but only as a paper representation of the real wealth it is claiming to represent.
>Healthcare shall be free for the public to partake in when they need to, and the healthcare centers be open to all who need their services. All healthcare professionals are to be freelance, and open to market forces, with the centers serving only as a place for them to do work should they require it. Health insurance must be a given commodity for all within the city. All professionals must uphold the Hippocratic Oath.
>Never shall a tax, whether temporary or permanent, be imposed upon the people. What can’t be accomplished via reserve money, funding, or donation can be accomplished via volunteer work.
>A church, or other organised belief system, are the only institutions that hold private status, whose decrees have no effect on the public realm, nor shall public decrees have effect on these institutions. All other institutions, corporations, and facilities must always be subject to public scrutiny. The only other area of private status is in one’s own home.
>The people shall always, in effect, write their own laws: Convening peoples of a town identify a problem that may need a law to be written to address it, then, in the presence of writers, one or more drafts of laws will be written in an attempt to address the problem, and then the people will vote on the best legislation. After each and every year following, the law will be voted upon by its people, on the continuation of its existence. Rejected laws will henceforth then be forever nulled and void.
>Each town should have its own homeless shelter, built as any other building would, and those food and supplies be given to them by donations or via purchases using funds, say, from fundraising.
No soldier, nor any other military personel (who wish to make use of such people) may at any time, even in war, be made stationed at a person’s house against his wishes.
>Slavery of any kind is never acceptable, and must always be protested against. No technology or product that can be made to control, or be deleterious to, humans in any way can be allowed to be used on, or sold to, any human against their expressed consent. Such technology, like all technology or products, is still free to be made, however, but must then contain a warning of its effects for the benefit of the customer.
>Only one’s ability to do the work, and the amount of work one does, are acceptable grounds for hiring discrimination. No other kind of discrimination is allowed. These criteria will also determine the worker’s salary, though he may always appeal for a raise if the reasons are acceptable enough. Starting wages may be negotiated if the worker is desired enough. There shall be no minimum wage.
>Only adults above the age of sixteen may be allowed to work, though children of any capable age can be as an apprentice to their working guardians in a domestic environment.
>The economy shall be a free market one, where competition between businesses shall be the norm, and monopolies are to be discouraged at all times. Businesses shall always need to compete for the favours of its customers.
No business can expand beyond the borders of its home town, unless by the grace of neighbouring towns who wish to accept the company into its borders. Even then, the branch there must obey the rules set forth there, and not trade freely with each other unless explicitly allowed by both towns.
>In any conflict between individual people of a town, the first step is for them to try to resolve the conflict peacefully amongst themselves, without aid of courts. If that is impossible, or a resolution cannot be reached, then they must go to court, present their evidence, and have the judges and jury decide the most proper solution. >If the crime is too great, or too many people are involved, then the case goes directly to court.
>Nobody accused of a crime can be made to testify against himself in a trial.
>All who are to be tried in a court proceeding are allowed to be given a lawyer to aid them in their judgement, the lawyer to be the best and most honourable in each and every case.
>All who are to be tried in a court of law must first be told of the reason for their trying, who made the accusation, and that they be allowed to see the accuser face-to-face. They also have the right to be silent in the face of interrogation at the time of an accusation, and to call in their lawyer if they have one, or to request one if they don’t.
>A child’s guardians, and/or the public school at which the child attends must teach that child of the laws that are in effect in his town of residence, and of the contents in this document, so that they are in clear understanding of it all.
>All who are to be tried in a court of law always hold the right to be always viewed innocent until evidence beyond a shadow of a doubt proves they are guilty. If such evidence cannot be found, then he shall remain forever innocent, forever untarnished by criminal record, until such evidence can be found, if it is found. To assume one to be guilty can never make him guilty, even if it’s the whole town who says so. Only the final verdict made by judges and jury can find him guilty of anything, and only then may he be given a criminal record, which is to be cleared once his sentence has been carried through fully. Bail is not allowed.
>If one is sentenced for his crime, and it has been served through, then he cannot then be put through the same trial for the exact same crime that he had already just been sentenced for. This is true even for those who were tried, and then found to be unmistakenly innocent. This does not hold for trials where a satisfactory verdict and sentence could not be reached.
>Anyone who takes up a job as a ‘public servant’ – a medical professional, a social worker, a lawyer, a secretary, an arbiter, a soldier of the militia, a civil servant, a city maintenance worker, or teacher – must, upon the day of the taking of his office, swear his oath of allegiance to this document as a signee, and read selected passages from this document in full view of the public, and swear his oath of service in full benefit to his people, also to be recited in full public view. This process can never be done in private, and anyone who has been sworn into office privately must duly, by the public, be removed from that position. The people always shall hold this power.
Any other positions of power, that are, by necessity, public servant positions, must also necessarily require this oath-taking process. All public servants must be reminded of the fact that their duty is in service to their people, and those people forever hold the power to remove any public servant they feel is unbecoming of their position as that public servant.
>These aforementioned service professions must also impose a standards test to ensure only the best end up on the force. This test must be given to men and women equally, and both men and women must be tested to the exact same standard. The same must also hold for positions within the parliaments and town halls.
>Children, who are under the age of 15, cannot be tried as an adult in a court of law, but will instead be left to be judged by their guardians at their discretion.
>Marriage can only take place within the context of a church. Outside the church, only partnerships, that cannot be bound by contract, except those unspoken agreements as set forth by those who consent to the partnership, are allowed. A partnership is no different from a common friendship or relationship of lovers. A partnership cannot be forced, in any manner, and any number of people of any age range can consent to a partnership, so long as they do indeed consent without force.
>Should a partnership/marriage end in divorce, then what things each person had before the relationship will stay with them upon leaving. Only that which was bought while in the relationship must be fairly divided; that which one of them bought for themselves will stay with themselves, and that which is bought collectively must be divided as per a written document outlining clearly that division where all members of the partnership must agree upon it.
>Media outlets must be public, in the nature of its business. Any governing body cannot hold control over any media. The media is an arm of its people, and like all other things, each media outlet, except for the Internet, must reside only within the city of its origin. Funding for the media can only come from the donations of its viewers (people only, not businesses, etc).
>The Family Unit is always to be kept intact, and never to be taken apart in any way. The Family Unit is the central force of each city, nation, and country.
>A person’s actions are the basis for scrutiny by only his peers, and are never the business of private, or corporate, entities. No one can ever be policed on their actions, but they must understand that their actions will have consequences that will be mediated by his peers in response to his actions (also in the way as ‘tentatively’ described in this document).
>For anyone convicted of a crime of bodily harm against another, it should be sufficient enough for the townsfolk to ostracize him from their town, to seek life elsewhere, or to imprison him for life in a publicly-accountable prison should the folks desire.
>For anyone convicted of a crime relating to vandalism, or otherwise the destruction of property, a mandatory fine equal to the damage done is sufficient. If he cannot pay, then ostracization should be sufficient, with the repair funds instead coming from the city’s coffers.
>For anyone convicted of a simple crime, a public apology should be sufficient, as well as a returning of anything taken, if that was the crime. For quarrels, a town trial in the courthouse to settle the dispute should suffice.
>All legislative and judicial powers shall go to the city-state, and more specifically its people. Things that necessarily affect more than one city-state shall be dealt with by those city-states that wish to come together to address the issue. No city-state, or group of city-states, can compel other city-states to take part in their legislature if those cities don’t want to. Executive power shall remain highest amongst individual people, and then weakening proportionately with greater groups of people (for example, public servants, judges, and politicians), with the largest groups possessing the least amount of that power (like governments and corporations).
>Beware of any authority saying that a group of people, ideology, or anything else that is not in any way a detriment to others, as hateful, demonic, or otherwise a threat to general safety and security. Beware of anyone in authority, who is writing laws or directing things, who tries pass legislation or regulation in the interest of preserving public safety. Nobody but the public themselves are responsible for their safety – always keep that in mind.
>A centralized infrastructure must be avoided at all times. It should remain decentralized, and under the full control of the people via the Free Market. Many decentralized markets are better than one.
>Citizens of a town should avoid as many instances where someone is put into a position of authority as can be possible for the running of a peaceful and free city-state and general community.
>Each generation in a town should actively look through the laws, including what’s in this document, and determine the laws they’d wish to abide by, and those they wish not to. Any changes to be made must, as always, be agreed upon by all who wish to sign to the changes. Only those who sign the new changes can abide by them.
>Be cognizant of what constitutes treason (aiding an enemy land/state/city from within one’s place of residence, and/or grant enemies shelter within one’s residence), and be cognizant of whoever commits that treason and be sure to punish them for their crime.
>Everyone must be taught of the lessons of the past, and the proliferation of tyrannical ideals across the lands, and of the unwarranted usurping of the entire world by the richest people to have ever lived. Always be vigilant of tyrannical ideology, and never, ever let it gain even a foothold in a society. ALL instances, without a single exception, of ideological, elitist culture has ended in utter failure and slavery of innocent humans. Be even aware of when schools don’t even teach its students to remember the great tyranny that we who lived in this time can still remember.
>Anything not covered in this document shall be left to the individual city-states to legislate as they wish.
>When in doubt, always fall to the Wisdoms, Freedoms, and Universals, for dealings in daily life. In essence, using common sense and intuition.
>Nothing written within this document can be taken as a ‘loophole’ to an interpretation, especially in the pursuit of a selfish, vile, or unjust agenda. The People should always be cognisant of anyone attempting to do such an action.
And there we are!
I should also note that, in terms of the order in which I drafted the law-codes for the above three states, Koie’s was first, Oramidra’s was second, and Orimar’s is the most recent version.
Koie’s still takes the general form of the Hammurabi Law-code, while Oramidra’s was inspired more by the UN Charter. Orimar’s takes its form from the US Constitution.
And now you know……